The Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme (SEIS) is a government scheme that allows certain reliefs for investors who subscribe for shares in early stage companies. It is intended to complement the Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS). The rules in many instances mirror those of the EIS.
Investors can receive income tax relief of 50% of the cost of the shares regardless of their marginal rate. Relief is available provided the company meets the SEIS requirements. Investors do not need to be UK resident.
The relief is available for those with a shareholding that does not exceed 30% in such companies and can include directors investing in their companies. The relief is limited to £100,000 per investor, with investors able to elect to have all or part the issue of shares treated as though acquired in the previous tax year.
Up to half of the annual amount invested in SEIS can shelter the gains from CGT. The relief for CGT is only available if some income tax relief has been claimed.
This relief applies to smaller companies where there are 25 or fewer employees and gross assets of up to £200,000, which are carrying on or preparing to carry on a new business.
The business must be a UK resident company or have a permanent establishment in the UK.
The company has an overall maximum entitlement to SEIS investment of up to a total of £150,000 including any State Aid funding received prior to the issuing of SEIS shares. State Aid grants therefore reduce the maximum entitlement available under SEIS.
The company has to trade in an approved sector - generally not in the financial services industry. All SEIS investments will, by definition, meet the requirements of EIS investments because SEIS is a subset of EIS.